The monetary policy of Bangladesh is the strategy and actions taken by the central bank, Bangladesh Bank, to regulate the money supply, interest rates, and inflation in the economy. The main goal of the monetary policy is to promote economic stability and growth, but it also aims to achieve other objectives such as maintaining financial stability, ensuring balance of payment and reducing poverty. To achieve these objectives, the Bangladesh Bank uses a variety of tools such as setting interest rates, open market operations, and reserve requirements. The bank also closely monitors economic indicators and works closely with the government to ensure that monetary policy is aligned with broader economic goals and objectives.
By keeping inflation in check, supporting economic activity, and promoting financial stability, monetary policy helps to create an environment in which businesses can flourish and people can enjoy a good standard of living.
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Objectives of Monetary Policy
The major objectives of monetary policy in Bangladesh are to achieve and maintain price stability, promote economic growth, and ensure financial stability. Monetary policy is conducted by the Bangladesh Bank through its monetary policy instruments, which include reserve requirements, open market operations, and standing facilities. The objective of maintaining price stability is to keep inflation low and stable. Some of the major objectives of monetary policy in Bangladesh are:
- Price stability: The primary goal of monetary policy is to maintain price stability in the economy, which is defined as keeping inflation under control. The Bangladesh Bank uses various tools such as setting interest rates, open market operations, and reserve requirements to control the money supply and interest rates in order to achieve this objective.
- Economic growth: Monetary policy also aims to promote economic growth and development. The bank uses monetary policy tools to encourage investment and consumption, which in turn can lead to increased economic activity and job creation.
- Financial stability: Monetary policy also aims to promote financial stability in the economy. The bank regulates the activities of commercial banks and other financial institutions to ensure that they comply with laws and regulations and maintain sound banking practices.
- Balance of payments: The bank plays a significant role in the foreign exchange market by managing the country’s foreign exchange reserves and influencing the exchange rate to promote stability and balance of payments.
- Deposit insurance: The bank also provides deposit insurance to depositors of commercial banks to protect them in case of bank failure.
- Distributional equity: Monetary policy also aims to promote distributional equity, which is the fair distribution of income and wealth across different segments of society. The bank encourages credit to priority sectors and directs credit to support the development of agriculture, small and medium-sized enterprises, and other sectors that contribute to the growth of the economy. Policymakers often seek to promote equity and efficiency in the economy through monetary policy measures such as targeted subsidies or tax breaks.
- Financial inclusion: Monetary policy also aims to promote financial inclusion by increasing access to credit and other financial services for under-served and marginalized groups, such as low-income households and rural areas.
- Employment generation: Monetary policy also aims to promote employment generation by encouraging investment and consumption, which in turn can lead to increased economic activity and job creation.
- Foreign exchange management: The bank plays a significant role in the foreign exchange market by managing the country’s foreign exchange reserves and influencing the exchange rate to promote stability and balance of payments.
- Transparency and accountability: The bank regularly publishes reports and statements, such as Monetary Policy Statement, which provide updates on the economic conditions and the bank’s monetary policy stance, to increase transparency and accountability.
Monetary Policy FAQs
Monetary Policy of Bangladesh And Its Impact on Economy
The monetary policy of Bangladesh is a set of guidelines and regulations that govern the country’s money supply and inflation. The policy is designed to maintain economic stability and promote growth. The Bangladeshi central bank, the Bangladesh Bank, implements the monetary policy.
The main objectives of the monetary policy are to: – Maintain price stability – Promote economic growth and employment
– Manage external sector imbalances – Foster financial inclusion In order to achieve these objectives, the monetary policy uses a variety of tools, including interest rates, reserve requirements, and open market operations.
The Bangladeshi government also has a fiscal policy that it uses in conjunction with the monetary policy to stabilize the economy.
Monetary Policy of Bangladesh Bank
The monetary policy of Bangladesh is formulated and implemented by the Bangladesh Bank with the primary objective of maintaining price stability in the economy. The monetary policy measures adopted by the central bank are aimed at keeping inflation within a tolerable range while ensuring sufficient liquidity in the banking system to support economic growth. In recent years, the focus of the monetary policy has been on keeping inflation under control while supporting economic growth.
Inflation has been a major concern for Bangladesh in recent years. Headline inflation averaged 6.5 percent between FY2010 and FY2016, but increased to 7.3 percent in FY2017 due to higher food and fuel prices. Despite this increase, inflation remains below the government’s target of 8.0 percent for FY2018.
The central bank has taken several measures to keep inflation under control, including raising interest rates and increasing reserve requirements for banks. To support economic growth, Bangladesh Bank has kept interest rates low and maintained ample liquidity in the banking system by providing loans to commercial banks through its refinance window. These measures have helped to boost credit growth, which averaged 16 percent between FY2010 and FY2017.
As a result of these policies, GDP growth averaged 6% during this period.
What is the Monetary Policy of Bangladesh?
The monetary policy of Bangladesh is the policy by which the Bangladesh Bank manages money supply in order to achieve macroeconomic objectives like inflation control, GDP growth, etc. The central bank uses a number of tools to implement monetary policy, including reserve requirements, open market operations, and interest rates.
In recent years, the main objective of the Bangladeshi monetary policy has been to control inflation.
Inflation in Bangladesh has been relatively high in recent years, averaging around 6-7% per year. The central bank has raised interest rates several times in an effort to bring inflation down. However, this has not always been successful, as high food and energy prices have continued to push up inflationary pressures.
The other main objective of Bangladeshi monetary policy is to promote economic growth. The central bank has kept interest rates low in recent years in an effort to spur lending and investment activity. This has helped to boost economic growth, which averaged around 6% per year over the past few years.
The Bangladeshi government also places some restrictions on the activities of the central bank in terms of setting monetary policy. For example, it cannot print new currency notes without approval from the government.
What is the Role of Monetary Policy in Bangladesh’s Economic Development?
The role of monetary policy in Bangladesh’s economic development is to ensure that the country’s money supply grows at a rate that is consistent with its economic growth. This allows for sustainable economic development and helps to avoid inflationary pressure. In order to achieve this, the central bank of Bangladesh (BB) implements several monetary policies.
One such policy is controlling the liquidity in the banking system through open market operations (OMOs). The BB also influences interest rates by setting the reserve requirements for banks and using other tools such as rediscounting facilities. Additionally, the BB works to promote financial stability through regulation and supervision of the banking sector.
The Bangladesh Bank has identified four major objectives of monetary policy in the country: price stability, output stabilization, promotion of economic growth, and balance of payments equilibrium. The central bank pursues these goals through a combination of expansionary and contractionary measures. Expansionary monetary policy increases the money supply in order to lower interest rates and stimulate economic activity.
Contractionary monetary policy reduces the money supply in order to raise interest rates and slow down economic activity.